Pulmonary Gas Exchange.pdf

Pulmonary Gas Exchange

G. Kim Prisk

The lung receives the entire cardiac output from the right heart and must load oxygen onto and unload carbon dioxide from perfusing blood in the correct amounts to meet the metabolic needs of the body. It does so through the process of passive diffusion. Effective diffusion is accomplished by intricate parallel structures of airways and blood vessels designed to bring ventilation and perfusion together in an appropriate ratio in the same place and at the same time. Gas exchange is determined by the ventilation-perfusion ratio in each of the gas exchange units of the lung. In the normal lung ventilation and perfusion are well matched, and the ventilation-perfusion ratio is remarkably uniform among lung units, such that the partial pressure of oxygen in the blood leaving the pulmonary capillaries is less than 10 Torr lower than that in the alveolar space. In disease, the disruption to ventilation-perfusion matching and to diffusional transport may result in inefficient gas exchange and arterial hypoxemia. This volume covers the basics of pulmonary gas exchange, providing a central understanding of the processes involved, the interactions between the components upon which gas exchange depends, and basic equations of the process. Table of Contents: Introduction / Anatomy of the Gas Exchanger / Gas Carriage / Gas Exchange by Diffusion / Gas Exchange and the Matching of Ventilation and Perfusion / Evaluating Pulmonary Gas Exchange / Summary / References

A gas exchange defect will be indicated by a reduced maximum oxygen consumption, inefficient ventilation and, in more severe cases, a significant decrease in SaO2. These findings are not specific to obstructive (COPD, not asthma) or restrictive diseases. Even patients with normal lung mechanics can have limitations in gas exchange, a prime Gas exchange in the lungs - Respiration - KS3 …

1615044507 ISBN
Englisch SPRACHE
Pulmonary Gas Exchange.pdf


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