Systems Approach to Management of Disasters.pdf

Systems Approach to Management of Disasters

Slobodan P. Simonovic

The main goal of this text is to introduce the systems approach to disasters management community as an alternative approach that can provide support for interdisciplinary activities involved in the management of disasters. The systems approach draws on the fields of operations research and economics to create skills in solving complex management problems. The text is organized into four parts. Part I provides an introductory discussion of disaster management including an overview of the main terms used. Part II is devoted to the introduction of systems theory, mathematical formalization and classification of methods. The material presented in this section should be of practical relevance during the process of selecting an appropriate tool for the solution of a problem. Part III is technical in nature, providing a simulation approach and a detailed description of system dynamics simulation. This section details two areas of application: flood evacuation simulation, and disaster risk assessment. Part IV ends with a chapter covering steps to improve disaster management. Finally parts of the book can be used as a tool for specialized short courses for practitioners. For example a course on System analysis for emergency management optimization could be based on Chapters 3, 4 and parts of Chapter 6. Included in the book is a CD with three computer programs Vensim PLE, LINPRO, and COMPRO. Vensim PLE (Personal Learning Edition) is state-of-the-art simulation software used for the implementation of system dynamics simulation. The other two programs are: LINPRO, a linear programming optimization tool

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT OF DISASTERS 3.2.2 Systems View of Disaster Management 73 3.2.3 Systems View of Disaster Management Activities 76 3.3 System Formulation Examples 77 3.3.1 Dynamics of Epidemics 78 3.3.2 Shortest Supply Route 80 3.3.3 Resources Allocation 81 References 82 Exercises 83 4 Introduction to Methods and Tools for a Systems Approach to Management of Disaster 85 4.1

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Systems Approach to Management of Disasters.pdf

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