Business Associations and the Financing of Political Parties.pdf

Business Associations and the Financing of Political Parties

Arnold J. Heidenheimer

Students of government and social power recognize that wherever governmental systems embrace popular elections, the functions and mechanisms of political finance constitute inevitable links of influence between economic structures and political processes. The transmu­ tation of economic power into political power has been of historic concern from ancient philosophers to modern political scientists. Efforts to discern and interpret the political roles of those engaged in funding candidates and political parties have intensified in recent years. Attention given the subject has deepened substantially in the United States since World War II and, while there have been differ­ ences in range and quality, serious analytical interests have also developed in numerous other nations around the world. These trends have been accompanied by increasingly more energetic and sophisti­ cated attempts at comparative analysis. Problems in transnational studies of political processes have always been formidable. The comparative study of political finance has been retarded by difficulties in defining units of analysis that make it possible to identify in some measurable way the effects of political fmance in precise phases of the governing process, e. g. , in the per­ suasion of voters, in party nominating processes, in executive decision­ making. Cash transactions, even when known with confidence, consti­ tute only a partial aspect of political finance. Other shades of economic power may be equally relevant, involving services or goods directly provided, credits and other economic benefits extended or withheld, and the exercise of less tangible but equally potent influence.

The Law on Financing of Political Parties: …

9401182272 ISBN
Englisch SPRACHE
Business Associations and the Financing of Political Parties.pdf


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Aktuelle Bewertungen

Sofia Voigt

The most important sources of funding from interest associations are employ- ers' organisations, which primarily fund middle-class parties, and trade unions, which  ... included restrictions on the fundamental political right of free association, speech and ... would agree that it is the business of the state to finance political parties.

Matteo Müller

Despite the best intentions of regulation of this subject within the legal framework, experience also shows that the imposition of unreasonably low limits, such as those for the presidential elections in Russia, may provoke illegal financing of political parties. This is a factor that should be taken into account when regulating this matter. Political Process Financing Act, SNB 1978, c P-9.3

Noel Schulze

2 OECD, Financing Democracy: Funding of Political Parties and Election ... not, private money will simply be funnelled to unregulated third-party groups. ... contributions to candidates have survived, along with a ban on corporate and union. (1) For the purposes of this Act, a political party means an association entered ... his/her deputy must be an auditor or an auditing company approved by the ... (2) Within three months of the approval of the financial statement, the political party.

Jason Lehmann

Business associations and the financing of political parties : a comparative study of the evolution of practices in Germany, Norway and Japan by Arnold J. Heidenheimer and Frank C. Langdon ; with a preface by Alexander Heard Martinus Nijhoff, 1968 Comparative analysis of political party financing in V4 ...

Jessica Kohmann

Although effective supervision of political parties' finance is critical to the survival ... by party members, private individuals, corporate organizations, and political ...